How To Register for Self Assessment with HMRC?

Register for Self Assessment with HMRC

In case you have to send a tax return and have not sent one last year then you will have to register for both Self Assessment and Class 2 National Insurance.

Registering depends on whether you have sent a tax return earlier.

If you are Filing Taxes for the first time

  • Using your business tax account, sign up for Self Assessment and Class 2 National Insurance. To sign in, you’ll need a Government Gateway user ID and password. If you do not already have a user ID for a company tax account, you can create one.
  • Within 10 days (21 if you are overseas), you will get a letter containing your Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR) number. To file a return, you’ll need your UTR.
  • You’ll get a letter or an email reminding you to file your Self Assessment tax return before the deadline.

If you have filed tax previously

  • You have previously submitted a return but did not file one last year, you must re-register online(form CWF1) for Self Assessment and Class 2 National Insurance.
  • You’ll need your 10-digit Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR) from your previous registration. If you don’t know what your UTR is, you can look it up.
  • You’ll get a letter or an email reminding you to file your Self Assessment tax return before the deadline.
  • You can use the above steps if you have not used the online services. If you do not have a business tax account, you can set it up using the HMRC’s siteas an organisation.

Who needs to register for self assessment?

Who Needs to Register for Self Assessment
  • Self-employed individuals: If you work for yourself as a sole trader, freelancer, or contractor, and your income from self-employment is £1,000 or more in a tax year, you need to register for self assessment.
  • Company directors: Some company directors may also need to register for self assessment.
  • Partnerships: If you are a partner in a business partnership, you need to register for self assessment.
  • Individuals with specific types of income: You may need to register for self assessment if your only or main source of income falls into one of the following categories:
  • Rental income
  • Investment income
  • Foreign income, including foreign pensions
  • Maintenance payments
  • Fees that are exempt from PAYE
  • Profits from share options or share incentives.

When to register for self assessment?

To register for self assessment, you must tell HMRC by 5 October if you need to complete a tax return and have not sent one before123. The deadline for registering for self assessment is the 5th of October that follows the end of the tax year that the self assessment tax return you’re filing relates to. For example, if the tax return relates to the tax year starting 6th April 2023 and ending 5th April 2024, you should register for self assessment by 5th October 2024.

Here are some key points about when to register for self assessment:

  • If you have to send a tax return and have not sent one before: You must tell HMRC by 5 October.
  • If you need to file a tax return and did not file one last year: You should register for self assessment if you need to file a tax return and did not file one last year.
  • If you missed the deadline: If you missed the deadline, you should still register as soon as possible to avoid further penalties.
  • If you become self-employed: If you become self-employed in a particular tax year, you should register by 5 October after the end of that tax year.
  • If you are starting a new business: If you set up your own business as a self-employed sole trader or in a partnership, you need to register for self assessment with HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC)

Registering for Self Assessment as a self employed online

  • Visit the GOV.UK website
  • Use the online tool: Use the online tool provided on the website to register for self assessment.
  • Read the guidance: Before you start, read the guidance on who must send a tax return.
  • Determine your eligibility: Assess your income sources and circumstances to determine if you meet the criteria for self-assessment registration.
  • Register for Self Assessment: If you need to complete a tax return and have not sent one before, you must register for self assessment.
  • Reactivate your existing account: If you have registered for self assessment before but did not send a tax return last year, you will need to reactivate your existing account.
  • Complete the registration process: Follow the instructions provided by the online tool to complete the registration process.
  • Obtain a Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR): HMRC will send you a Unique Taxpayer Reference (UTR) in a letter after you register.
  • Manage your self assessment online: Registering for an online account with HMRC will allow you to manage your self assessment online.

How to Register for Self Assessment online if you are in a partnership?

The process for self-employed individuals and partnerships is largely the same, as outlined above. However, when registering, be sure to select the appropriate registration type that suits your circumstances.

How to Register Via Post?

  • Visit the GOV.UK website:
  • Download the form: Download and print the form SA1 from the website.
  • Fill in the form: Fill in the form with your details.
  • Send the form to HMRC: Send the completed form to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) at the address provided on the form.

Why am I getting error when I register for Self Assessment?

Inquire with HMRC’s digital assistant regarding Self Assessment.

If the digital assistant is unable to assist you, you may request to talk with an HMRC consultant if one is available.

While calling HMRC, you need to be aware to use short phrases. Since this hotline employs speech recognition technologies, you will be asked why you have called HMRC. Try to respond with brief sentences and words, such as:

  • ‘change my address’
  • ‘question about penalty’
  • ‘late tax return’

You can reach out to HMRC by:

Telephone:
0300 200 3310

Textphone:
0300 200 3319

Outside UK:
+44 161 931 9070

Registering for self-assessment is a vital step to ensure you meet your tax obligations in the UK. Don’t delay—visit the HMRC website and begin your registration today. Want us to take it over for you at an affordable price? Book a consultation with one of our accountants and get started.

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